Signing the Helsinki Treaty were
(from the left): Iceland’s Minister of Justice Bjarni Benediktsson, Finnish Prime Minister Martti Miettunen, Norwegian Minister of Education Helge Sivertsen and Swedish Minister of Justice Herman Kling.

Signed on 23 March 1962, and entered into force on 1 July 1962, the ‘Helsinki Treaty’ on cooperation between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden sets the framework for Nordic cooperation in the ‘Nordic Council’ and the ‘Nordic Council of Ministers’. The agreement states, among other things, that the Nordic countries: a. will promote the close community that exists between the Nordic peoples in culture as well as in law and society b. aims to implement uniform laws in the Nordic countries in as many ways as possible c. wishes to renew and develop Nordic cooperation in the light of the Nordic countries’ increased participation in European cooperation. Download the Helsinki Treaty